cognitive behavioural therapy; psychology; relationship counselling
Mental Disorders

Mental Disorders

Anxiety

Anxiety related disorders

These disorders include the following:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable worrying. Sometimes people worry about bad things happening to them or their loved ones, and at other times they may not be able to identify any source of worry.
  • Panic disorder is a condition that causes panic attacks, which are moments of extreme fear accompanied by a pounding heart, shortness of breath, and a fear of impending doom.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that causes flashbacks or anxiety as the result of a traumatic experience.
  • Social phobia is a condition that causes intense feelings of anxiety in situations that involve interacting with others.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a condition that causes repetitive thoughts and the compulsion to complete certain ritual actions.

 

Depression

Depression affects people in different ways but common symptoms are: feeling worthless, feeling hopeless, not enjoying things you used to, withdrawing, avoiding and feeling as if life will never improve. Severe depression can lead to suicide.

Depression is a long lasting low mood disorder. It affects your ability to do everyday things, feel pleasure or take interest in activities. Some people with depression sleep too much, others sleep very little. You can also feel tired all the time.

Some studies suggest that your genetics can play a part in developing depression. For example, one study found that particular genes may play a key role in developing recurrent depression. However, studies into the genetics of depression are at an early stage.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects your moods, which can swing from 1 extreme to another. It used to be known as manic depression.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder

People with bipolar disorder have episodes of:

  • depression – feeling very low and lethargic
  • mania – feeling very high and overactive

Psychosis

Someone who experiences Psychosis often sees, hears, smells or believe things that other people do not, or has persistent thoughts, behaviours, or emotions that are inconsistent with what other people experience in the same environment or situation.

Psychosis can be associated with many different diagnoses and illnesses including Schizophia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder and even depression.

Schizophrenia

A person with Schizophrenia often suffer from hallucinations and delusions. Delusions are defined as beliefs that conflict with reality.

Hallucinations

Hallucinations are defined as experiences and sensations that are not comprehensible to others. To the person experiencing them, however, they may seem real, urgent, and vivid. Roughly 70% of people with schizophrenia will experience hallucinations.

Auditory hallucinations are most commonly experienced by people with schizophrenia and may include hearing voices—sometimes multiple voices — or other sounds like whispering or murmuring. Voices may seem angry or urgent and often make demands on the hallucinating person.

Visual hallucinations involve seeing objects, people, lights, or patterns that are not actually present. Visualizing dead loved ones, friends or other people they knew can be particularly distressing. Perception may be altered as well resulting in difficulty judging distance

Olfactory hallucinations involve the sense of smell or taste, both good or bad, that are not actually present. This can be particularly dangerous if a person believes he is being poisoned and refrains from eating.

Tactile hallucinations are feelings of movement or sensation on your body that are not actually present such as hands on your body or insects crawling around or inside you.

Hallucinations don’t necessarily indicate schizophrenia. People with mood disorders, schizoaffective disorders, and other physical and mental health conditions may also hallucinate. Hallucination may also occur when under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

 

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