There are various forms of psychotherapy. The more traditional type of psychotherapy involves seeing a therapist for many sessions, often for more than a year. In these sessions the focus is very much on WHY you are experiencing difficulties in your life. Links are made between your childhood and upbringing and dysfunctional or unhelpful behaviour that you are currently seeking therapy for. This type of therapy is non-directive and the therapist allows free-association where the client talks about whatever comes to them. This type of therapy is becoming less popular as newer more collaborative forms of therapy have emerged. The types of therapy adopting this approach are: Gestalt, Humanistic, Psychoanalysis (Freud) and Psychpdynamic therapy- insight orientated psychotherapies.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
A combination of cognitive AND behavioural therapy is used. The therapist provides more feedback when appropriate and the relationship between client and therapist is largely collaborative. The therapist has the tools and the client has the insight into themselves – an effective combination. CBT works more rapidly than traditional Psychotherapy and positive changes can often be seen quite early on – within 3-4 sessions compared with years of therapy for traditional schools of thought/approaches.
The concept of “third wave” psychotherapies reflects an influence of Eastern philosophy, incorporating principles such as meditation into interventions such as midfulness based cognitive therapy, acceptace and commitment therapy and dialectical behavioural therapy (for personality disorders).